Apple Inc. It was the first successful personal computer company and the popularizer of the graphical user interface. Headquarters are located in Cupertino, California. Wozniak to build his own computer—a dream that was made suddenly feasible with the arrival in of the first commercially successful microcomputerthe Altairwhich came as a kit and used the recently invented microprocessor chip.

Encouraged by his friends at the Homebrew Computer Club, a San Francisco Bay area group centred around the Altair, Wozniak quickly came up with a plan for his own microcomputer. Inwhen the Hewlett-Packard Companywhere Wozniak was an engineering intern, expressed no interest in his design, Wozniak, then 26 years old, together with a former high-school classmate, year-old Steven P.

Jobsmoved production operations to the Jobs family garage—and the Silicon Valley garage start-up company legend was born. Jobs and Wozniak named their company Apple. For working capital, Jobs sold his Volkswagen minibus and Wozniak his programmable calculator. Though he was a brash business novice whose appearance still bore traces of his hippie past, Jobs understood that in order for the company to grow, it would require professional management and substantial funding. The company became an instant success, particularly after Wozniak invented a disk controller that allowed the addition of a low-cost floppy disk drive that made information storage and retrieval fast and reliable.

With room to store and manipulate data, the Apple II became the computer of choice for legions of amateur programmers. While VisiCalc opened up the small-business and consumer market for the Apple II, another important early market was primary educational institutions.

Its public offering in December was the biggest sincewhen the Ford Motor Company had gone public. IBM broke with its tradition of using only proprietary hardware components and software and built a machine from readily available components, including the Intel microprocessorand used DOS disk operating system from the Microsoft Corporation. Soon the new system had its own killer app: the Lotus spreadsheet, which won an instant constituency in the business community—a market that the Apple II had failed to penetrate.

Apple had its own plan to regain leadership: a sophisticated new generation of computers that would be dramatically easier to use. There they were shown Zozo Company Japan Apple Computer Company History functional graphical user interface GUIfeaturing on-screen windows, a pointing device known as a mouseand the use of icons, or pictures, to Vintage Company the awkward protocols required by all other computers.

Apple immediately incorporated these ideas into two new computers: Lisa, released in Apple Computer Company History, and the lower-cost Macintoshreleased in Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. American company.

Written By: Steven Levy. Garage start-up Apple Inc. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today. Load Next Page. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias Apple Computer Company History elementary and high school students.

Apple Inc. American company Britannica

Apple Inc., American manufacturer of personal computers, computer peripherals, and computer software. It was the first successful personal computer company and the popularizer of the graphical user interface. Headquarters are located in Cupertino, California. Apple Inc. had its genesis in the…

The History of Apple Computers

Oct 10, 2019 · Apple Inc. — originally known as Apple Computers — began in 1976. Founders Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak worked out of Jobs' garage at his home in Los Altos, California. On April 1, 1976, they debuted the Apple 1, a desktop computer that came as a single motherboard, pre-assembled, unlike other personal computers of that era.…